From 1917 to 1963 a railway connected Ora in the South Tyrolean Bassa Atesina region to Predazzo in Val di Fiemme.

First plans for a railway into Val di Fiemme to open the valley up for tourism date back to 1891. Commercial interests, such as the transport of wood and minerals, were of secondary concern. The construction failed because of different ideas for the route and lacking funds.
During the First World War it soon became apparent that the replenishment of war materials using existing roads was inadequate and the plans for a Val di Fiemme railway were resurrected. Work started in February 1916; the first train ran in 1917.

The old railway line in Val di Fiemme with its retained tunnels, viaducts and bridges, is now a popular cycling and hiking route.